Legal Blog

Guest Writer: Recent Legislation Brings Twin Impacts to Community Associations

(Note: this column was written by Hope Carmichael, Esq., CAI-NC Chapter President and fellow of the College of Community Association Lawyers)

Limited Immunity for Pools

Gov. Cooper signed HB 902 on July 2, a bill mandating that owners and operators of community pools and their agents shall not be liable in any claim or action seeking damages for injury or death resulting from transmission of COVID-19 alleged to have resulted from the reopening of the community pool in accordance with applicable executive orders of the Governor. The immunity provided will not apply to claims for injury or death resulting from gross negligence, wanton conduct, or intentional wrongdoing.

See the full language for HB902 here: (see beginning on p. 7)


Limited Immunity from COVID-19 Transmission Liability Claims

In the last week of its session the NC General Assembly passed House Bill 118, which applies broadly to businesses, nonprofits and individuals, including planned community and condominium associations. Gov. Cooper signed the bill July 2. Now, associations will not be liable as a result of ordinary negligence in any claim brought by someone who claims to have contracted COVID-19 while on HOA or condominium common areas. 

Speaking to NC senators June 10 in support of limited liability for owners’ associations, CAI-NC President Hope Carmichael told legislators: CAI has confirmed with multiple insurance carriers the common policy exclusion in HOA insurance policies for claims related to COVID-19. Volunteer boards of directors across NC are trying to make the best possible decisions for their communities. But these volunteers are faced with the tough choice of denying members access to their commonly owned amenities or risking what could be devastating legal costs to defend potential claims, even if the boards are following all of the recommended guidance for opening their pools and facilities.”

House Bill 118 gives some reassurance for associations in light of the growing awareness that general liability and directors & officers insurance policies almost universally exclude coverage for claims arising from pandemic, virus, and disease. However, associations should be aware that gross negligence, willful or wanton conduct or intentional wrongdoing would still subject an HOA to potential liability. This might include a reckless disregard for following local and state guidance on reopening swimming pools or other amenities, so it’s important to be diligent about compliance with all state and local Executive Orders and decrees. The law requires an association to “provide reasonable notice of actions taken to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 on the premises.” Once that notice is provided, the association will not be liable for the failure of individuals to follow the rules or guidance called for in the notice. This provision in the law makes the posting and publication of detailed rules and guidelines extremely important in the association’s liability protection.

See the full language for HB118 here.



Real Estate Closing Fees/Statement of Unpaid Assessments

Late into the night of June 25, the following language was inserted into this bill amending Chapters 47C and 47F, Section 3-102-12 to amend allowing “reasonable” charges for Statements of Unpaid Assessment (sometimes wrongly referred to as “closing” or “transfer fees”) as follows:

Impose reasonable charges in connection with the preparation of statements of unpaid assessments, which must be furnished within 10 business days after receipt of the request, in an amount not to exceed two hundred dollars ($200.00) per statement or request, and an additional expedite fee in an amount not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100.00) if the request is made within 48 hours of closing, all of which charges may be collected by the association, its managers, or its agents.

Since circumstances among CAI’s thousands of members vary widely, CAI’s public policy does not favor legislatively imposed fee caps. CAI and the NC Legislative Action Committee (NC-LAC)’s policy has recognized that the preparer of the disclosure documents/resale certificates incurs expenses relating to the preparation and production of such documents and has supported the right of the preparer to charge a reasonable fee for such transactions.

Through CAI’s lobbyists, the NC-LAC learned of an effort by others to establish a maximum fee cap in North Carolina for Statement of Unpaid Assessments. As soon as CAI became aware of this legislative push, we worked very hard to negotiate a compromise and were successful.

While CAI remains opposed to legislatively mandated rates, CAI is pleased that the NC-LAC’s input was considered and believes that the maximum amount adopted by the Legislature is in a range many CAI members will feel is acceptable. By way of background, approximately 11 other states have similar maximum fee rates and $200 (with a $100 expedite fees) is consistent with the range other states have imposed. For example, the maximum in Virginia is $164, Maryland $250, Connecticut $125 and Florida $250. Because details and requirements vary greatly, specific comparisons are difficult.

CAI believes that homeowners should be informed about association matters that may impact their decision to purchase a home/unit and will educate them about their personal rights and responsibilities with regard to the community association. Disclosure documents/resale certificates are invaluable consumer information tools because it is vital that buyers know what they are buying. Disclosure documents/resale certificates should be mandated by state statute to ensure that every buyer is aware of essential information relating to his new home or unit and the community association.

CAI continues to support mandating disclosure documents/resale certificates for all ownership transfer.


Condo Act Technical Updates/Corrections Become Law

House Bill 920 makes numerous changes to the NC Condominium Act most of which are technical and being done at the request of title companies. Of particular interest to CAI members, the bill addresses developer control periods, ambiguities resolution and adjusts various provisions of the NC Condominium Act to conform with to the NC Planned Community Act. While CAI did not take a position on this bill, because it was seen as primarily of a technical nature, the content is seen as favorable to our members.





CAI-NC Chapter President and fellow of the College of Community Association Lawyers

Hope’s practice has largely involved civil litigation with a concentration on real property disputes and community association law.  She has focused her practice on matters involving the interpretation of restrictive covenants, condominium and planned community associations for over twenty-five years, and exclusively practices in that area today.

Learn more about Hope Carmichael here »






ABOUT MIKE HUNTER  | 704.716.0817

Mike Hunter’s practice focuses on community and condominium association law. He represents more than 700 associations across North Carolina.

Mike’s background includes real estate and litigation, with a concentration in the area of creditors’ rights, including debt collection, bankruptcy, foreclosure, lien enforcement, and collateral recovery.

From 1995 to 2006, Mike served as an assistant attorney for the Mecklenburg County Sheriff’s Office, primarily in the areas of civil process and judgment enforcement.






Offit Kurman is one of the fastest-growing full-service law firms in the United States. With 14 offices in seven states, and the District of Columbia, and growing by 50% in two years through expansions in New York City and Charlotte, North Carolina, Offit Kurman is well-positioned to meet the legal needs of dynamic businesses and the individuals who own and operate them. For over 30 years, we’ve represented privately held companies and families of wealth throughout their business life cycles.

Whatever and wherever your industry, Offit Kurman is the better way to protect your business, preserve your family’s wealth, and resolve your most challenging legal conflicts. At Offit Kurman, we distinguish ourselves by the quality and breadth of our legal services—as well as our unique operational structure, which encourages a culture of collaboration and entrepreneurialism. The same approach that makes our firm attractive to legal practitioners also gives clients access to experienced counsel in every area of the law.

Find out why Offit Kurman is The Better Way to protect your business, your assets, and your family by connecting via our Blog, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and LinkedIn pages. You can also sign up to receive LawMatters, Offit Kurman’s monthly newsletter covering a diverse selection of legal and corporate thought leadership content.


Leave a Comment